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The Art of Thinking Clearly

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In engaging prose and with practical examples and anecdotes, an eye-opening look at human reasoning and essential reading for anyone with important decisions to make. Have you ever: • Invested time in something that, with hindsight, just wasn't worth it? • Overpayed in an Ebay auction? • Continued doing something you knew was bad for you? • Sold stocks too late, or too early? • In engaging prose and with practical examples and anecdotes, an eye-opening look at human reasoning and essential reading for anyone with important decisions to make. Have you ever: • Invested time in something that, with hindsight, just wasn't worth it? • Overpayed in an Ebay auction? • Continued doing something you knew was bad for you? • Sold stocks too late, or too early? • Taken credit for success, but blamed failure on external circumstances? • Backed the wrong horse? These are examples of cognitive biases, simple errors we all make in our day-to-day thinking. But by knowing what they are and how to spot them, we can avoid them and make better choices-whether dealing with a personal problem or a business negotiation; trying to save money or make money; working out what we do or don't want in life: and how best to get it. Simple, clear and always surprising, this indispensable book will change the way you think and transform your decision-making-work, at home, every day. It reveals, in 99 short chapters, the most common errors of judgment, and how to avoid them.


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In engaging prose and with practical examples and anecdotes, an eye-opening look at human reasoning and essential reading for anyone with important decisions to make. Have you ever: • Invested time in something that, with hindsight, just wasn't worth it? • Overpayed in an Ebay auction? • Continued doing something you knew was bad for you? • Sold stocks too late, or too early? • In engaging prose and with practical examples and anecdotes, an eye-opening look at human reasoning and essential reading for anyone with important decisions to make. Have you ever: • Invested time in something that, with hindsight, just wasn't worth it? • Overpayed in an Ebay auction? • Continued doing something you knew was bad for you? • Sold stocks too late, or too early? • Taken credit for success, but blamed failure on external circumstances? • Backed the wrong horse? These are examples of cognitive biases, simple errors we all make in our day-to-day thinking. But by knowing what they are and how to spot them, we can avoid them and make better choices-whether dealing with a personal problem or a business negotiation; trying to save money or make money; working out what we do or don't want in life: and how best to get it. Simple, clear and always surprising, this indispensable book will change the way you think and transform your decision-making-work, at home, every day. It reveals, in 99 short chapters, the most common errors of judgment, and how to avoid them.

30 review for The Art of Thinking Clearly

  1. 4 out of 5

    Bob

    Nice packaging and design may give this book an aura of credibility. They certainly worked; I skimmed a few pages of it and bought it, thinking I would learn important lessons that I wouldn't get from other books about critical thinking. Alas, that won't be the case since the book reads like bull in a china shop; Dobelli massacres the art of critical thinking and puts in its place a Frankenstein doppelganger called cynicism and uncritical use of anecdotes. Let's take for example: Lesson# 19 "The Nice packaging and design may give this book an aura of credibility. They certainly worked; I skimmed a few pages of it and bought it, thinking I would learn important lessons that I wouldn't get from other books about critical thinking. Alas, that won't be the case since the book reads like bull in a china shop; Dobelli massacres the art of critical thinking and puts in its place a Frankenstein doppelganger called cynicism and uncritical use of anecdotes. Let's take for example: Lesson# 19 "The Dubious Efficacy of Doctors, Consultants and Psychotherapist: Regression to Mean" in which Dobelli includes anecdotes about an investment adviser at a major bank who does 'rain dance' whenever his stocks performed badly. The anecdote claims that "things always improve afterwards". Then, Dobelli juxtaposes that anecdote to the one about a young handicap-12 golfer who would book time with an instructor to improve his game. This time, Dobelli doesn't mention any mumbo-jumbo thing the golfer does so we can safely assume that the golfer did try to learn new techniques or improve upon his weaknesses so he can play better. Then, he put in other details for the chapter and wraps it all under 'regression to mean'. Well, really? "Rain Dance" claimed to "always" work comes under "regression to mean" and is considered similar to people practicing and improving their skills through hard work? I mean, sure, the adviser's behavior is an example of 'cognitive bias' but does it really come under that category (rather than one of the other 98 in the book)? The reading of this book will produce a sort of gut-feeling nausea that usually tell you something is wrong. Sure enough, you'll find plenty of 'not quite right' details in the book such as the use of anecdotes that don't fall in the right categories, the lack of footnotes, and critical analysis of the anecdotes. There's also the strange section of "A Note on Sources" that neither Dobelli nor his editor and agent bother to weave into the chapters as properly written end notes. Then, comes the interspersing of critically right and critically wrong information in each chapter; this book is the 'Da Vinci Code' of books on critical thinking. The book seems credible and right but it's neither. It's even more frustrating when I think I've spent CAD$16.99 on someone's sloppily written personal-notes-turned-into-commercially-sold book. Readers will get more out of books on the basics of critical thinking rather than this one. In fact, the book is dangerous since it "poisons the well" on so many subjects it fails to critically discuss about. The only usefulness of this book is in challenging readers to use their critical thinking skills to identify its biases and fallacies. On that note, I really have to say: I don't understand the reason many people praise and give good reviews for this book.

  2. 5 out of 5

    Ahmad Sharabiani

    Die Kunst des klaren Denkens = The Art of Thinking Clearly, Rolf Dobelli The Art of Thinking Clearly is a 2013 book by the Swiss writer Rolf Dobelli which describes in short chapters 99 of the most common thinking errors - ranging from cognitive biases to elements like envy and social distortions. عنوانها: هنر شفاف اندیشیدن؛ هنر بهتر و متفاوت اندیشیدن؛ نویسنده: رولف دوبلی؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: روز سی ام ماه ژوئن سال 2015 میلادی عنوان: هنر شفاف اندیشیدن؛ نویسنده: رولف دوبلی؛ مترجمها: عادل فردوسی پور؛ Die Kunst des klaren Denkens = The Art of Thinking Clearly, Rolf Dobelli The Art of Thinking Clearly is a 2013 book by the Swiss writer Rolf Dobelli which describes in short chapters 99 of the most common thinking errors - ranging from cognitive biases to elements like envy and social distortions. عنوانها: هنر شفاف اندیشیدن؛ هنر بهتر و متفاوت اندیشیدن؛ نویسنده: رولف دوبلی؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: روز سی ام ماه ژوئن سال 2015 میلادی عنوان: هنر شفاف اندیشیدن؛ نویسنده: رولف دوبلی؛ مترجمها: عادل فردوسی پور؛ علی شهروز ستوده؛ بهزاد توکلی نیشابوری؛ تهران، نشر چشمه، چاپ اول و دوم و سوم 1394؛ در 332 ص؛ فروست: علوم انسانی؛ شابک: 9786002295224؛ موضوع: استدلال، روانشناسی؛ تصمیم گیری، شناخت؛ قرن 21 م عنوان: هنر بهتر و متفاوت اندیشیدن؛ نویسنده: رولف دوبلی؛ مترجمها: محمدتقی عیسایی؛ امیر سپهری؛ تهران، اتکا، مرکز تحقیقات و توسعه، چاپ اول 1394؛ در 326 ص؛ فروست: علوم انسانی؛ شابک: 9786007624845؛ جناب فردوسی‌پور در مقدمه بر ترجمه‌ ی فارسی می‌نویسند: «تصور کنید در زمین هیچ خطایی اتفاق نمی‌افتاد. آن وقت واژه‌ ای به نام پنالتی، اخطار و اخراج هم ‌معنا نداشت. اشک‌ها و لبخندها محو می‌شدند و زیبایی فوتبال هم ‌رنگ می‌باخت. آدم‌ها شبیه ربات‌های برنامه‌ ریزی‌شده بودند که وظیفه‌ شان بردن بدون کوچک‌ترین اشتباه بود. حالا تصور کنید که در این جهان پهناور که هزاران زمین فوتبال را در خود جای داده، قرار می‌شد هیچ انسانی دچار خطا و اشتباهی نشود؛ آیا جهان بهتری داشتیم؟ جنگ‌ افروزی‌ها به پایان می‌رسید؟ جرم و جنایت از صحنه‌ ی روزگار محو می‌شد؟ انسان‌ها با یکدیگر روابط بهتری برقرار می‌کردند؟ پاسخ به این پرسش‌ها و پیش‌بینی جهانی که هرگز تجربه‌ اش نکرده‌ ایم، کار دشواری است؛ اما آنچه قابل پیش‌ بینی است، آن است که هرچه بیشتر خطاهای خود را بشناسیم، رویکرد بهتری به زندگی خود خواهیم داشت. از آنجا که خطاهای بشری در طول حیاتش از الگوهای مشابهی پیروی می‌کنند، امکان شناختن آن‌ها نیز امری ممکن است.» پایان نقل. خطاهایی هستند که همه‌ ی ما در تفکر روزمره‌ ی خود دچارشان می‌شویم. اما با شناخت چیستی آن‌ها و دانستن نحوه‌ ی شناسایی‌ شان، می‌توانیم از آن‌ها دوری کنیم و تصمیم‌های هوشمندانه‌ تری بگیریم. این کتاب برای گفتن همین حرفها به خوانشگز این کتاب است. ا. شربیانی

  3. 5 out of 5

    Kevin

    If you had lots of time (and interest in becoming aware of your cognitive biases), you should read Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely, everything by Steven Pinker, Fooled by Randomness and The Black Swan by Nassim Taleb, and others. But since not everyone has the time and interest, instead read The Art of Thinking Clearly. This book has 99 short chapters (all of them are almost exactly 2.5 pages) that cover the major hiccups in our thinking process. A If you had lots of time (and interest in becoming aware of your cognitive biases), you should read Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely, everything by Steven Pinker, Fooled by Randomness and The Black Swan by Nassim Taleb, and others. But since not everyone has the time and interest, instead read The Art of Thinking Clearly. This book has 99 short chapters (all of them are almost exactly 2.5 pages) that cover the major hiccups in our thinking process. A book like this is so much better than any self-help book or positive thinking/inspirational fluff. Metacognition - thinking about how we think - is underrated. Learning more about biases and heuristics is so important that I am going to push this on my kids when they are a little older. Only bad thing about this book: he didn't need 99 biases/"syndromes." Some were similar enough they could have been combined. If people just learned the top 20, they would be in better shape. By including so many, some of the important ones got lost in the lesser known and lesser experienced ones.

  4. 5 out of 5

    Thomas Harris

    PLAGARISM. It can be useful as a starting point for a list of cognitive biases. However, it is mere plagarism of other texts. Dobelli uses examples taken directly from other sources, changes the names of characters and wording slightly, and uses them as if they were his own. Why not just quote from the original text? Also, some of his examples are so diluted and simplified that they are actually WRONG. One of the most glaring ones is his water treatment example for "Neglect of Probability". A: redu PLAGARISM. It can be useful as a starting point for a list of cognitive biases. However, it is mere plagarism of other texts. Dobelli uses examples taken directly from other sources, changes the names of characters and wording slightly, and uses them as if they were his own. Why not just quote from the original text? Also, some of his examples are so diluted and simplified that they are actually WRONG. One of the most glaring ones is his water treatment example for "Neglect of Probability". A: reduces probability of contamination from 5% to 2%. B: reduces probability of contamination from 1% to 0%. He says that method A is 3 times as good!!! HUH?!?! Method B removes 100% of the contamination..... that's a pretty good option right there. My advice is to take the chapter headings of the book as a list. Then go through the sources listed... you will get 100x more understanding by reading Cialdini, Munger, Taleb, Kahneman. http://www.fooledbyrandomness.com/dob...

  5. 5 out of 5

    Manoj Arora

    My learning from the book: (1) Never underestimate the hard work and lower probability of success, just because we are shown more successful people than many more actual failures (2) Confirmation bias is the mother of all misconceptions. It is a tendency to interpret new information so that it becomes compatible with our existing theories. Warren Buffet has seen people losing money with this because they ignore facts which contradict the theory in the mind of the investor. Dis confirming evidence My learning from the book: (1) Never underestimate the hard work and lower probability of success, just because we are shown more successful people than many more actual failures (2) Confirmation bias is the mother of all misconceptions. It is a tendency to interpret new information so that it becomes compatible with our existing theories. Warren Buffet has seen people losing money with this because they ignore facts which contradict the theory in the mind of the investor. Dis confirming evidence must be seeked out to beat this theory. e.g. what is next in the sequence 2-4-6-8-... (3) Calamity of Conformity - If you ever find yourself in a tight unanimous group, you must speak your mind, even if your team does not like it, even if it means risking expulsion from the warm nest. And if you lead a group, appoint someone as devil's advocate. He or she will not be the most popular member of the team, but definitely the most important. (4) Induction - Send an email to 10,000 people with stock market prediction by dividing them into 2 groups - telling reverse prediction to each group. Prediction for one of the groups will come true. Send a new prediction to the 5,000 whom you predicted correctly earlier - again after dividing them into 2 groups...carry on like this, and the last 100 would consider you as a genius. People get inducted into a decision based on history without thinking logically. (5) Loss Aversion - The fear of losing something motivates people more than the prospect of gaining something of equal value. (6) When it comes to compounding, don't trust your intuition - you have no idea how powerful it is (7) It is not what you say, but how you say, that's important. 98% Fat Free product seems more healthy than a product with 1% Fat. (8) If you are not a part of the solution, you are definitely a part of the problem. There is no 3rd category of passive onlookers. (9) Follow your passion even if you have to do away with part of your income for that (10) Whenever you are dealing with averages, be careful of the distribution behind it. A Bill Gates monthly income in a group of 50 ordinary citizens can give an extremely misleading average. (11) Money does not always motivate. It works as a motivation only in companies where employees work for only money. (12) Money comes wrapped in emotions. Monet won incidentally, as against earned through hard work, is more likely to be spent erratically - though it is illogical because the money is the same. This can be prevented if you have a clear financial plan with you. (13) Self Control drains your energy, and therefore you need a lot of energy if you want to exercise self control. (14) Presence of something is more noticeable and valued than its absence. e.g. presence of disease than its absence. OR getting off a plane and not noticing that it did not crash. (15) NEWS is to mind, what sugar is to body, appetizing, easy to digest - and highly destructive in the ling run

  6. 4 out of 5

    ali2002

    در ابتدا باید بگویم که اگر شما این کتاب را به خاطر دیدن اسم "عادل فردوسی پور" بر روی جلد خریده اید دچار "خطای شناختی" شده اید! از آن خطاهایی که قصد این کتاب جلوگیری از آن هاست. شما فردوسی پور را به عنوان گزارشگری خوب و معروف می شناسید و این خوب بودن را به دیگر امور از جمله "مترجمی" او تعمیم می دهید! در حالی که لزومی ندارد کسی که در یک کار خوب است در بقیه ی کارها هم خوب باشد! بنابراین بیشتر افراد این کتاب را بر اساس معیاری می خرند که بنا بر خود کتاب اشتباه است. در ادامه ترجمه ی بد این کتاب را نقد در ابتدا باید بگویم که اگر شما این کتاب را به خاطر دیدن اسم "عادل فردوسی پور" بر روی جلد خریده اید دچار "خطای شناختی" شده اید! از آن خطاهایی که قصد این کتاب جلوگیری از آن هاست. شما فردوسی پور را به عنوان گزارشگری خوب و معروف می شناسید و این خوب بودن را به دیگر امور از جمله "مترجمی" او تعمیم می دهید! در حالی که لزومی ندارد کسی که در یک کار خوب است در بقیه ی کارها هم خوب باشد! بنابراین بیشتر افراد این کتاب را بر اساس معیاری می خرند که بنا بر خود کتاب اشتباه است. در ادامه ترجمه ی بد این کتاب را نقد می کنم. =================================== این کتاب شاید برای کتابخوانان ایرانی مطالب تازه و جالبی داشته باشد. اما در این باره کتاب های بسیار بهتری توسط دانشمندان پیشتاز این حوزه نوشته شده و این کتاب صرفا خلاصه ی فهرست وار و نسبتا ناشیانه ای از آن کتاب هاست. گرچه آن کتاب ها عموما ترجمه نشده اند و از بخت بد ما این کتاب هم با ترجمه یی ناقص چاپ شده. میاحث کتاب گرچه جالب هستند اما نویسنده آن ها را بصورت فهرست وار خلاصه کرده و در آن ها عمیق نمی شود. ============================= و اما نقدی بر ترجمه ی نسبتا فاجعه ی کتاب: ترجمه ی این کتاب نسبتا ناشیانه و پراشکال است. و نشاندهنده ی ناآشنایی مترجمان با مباحث کتاب است. بسیاری از واژه های کلیدی را اشتباه ترجمه کرده اند. مثلا برای چندین واژه ی مهم از معادل "خطا" استفاده کرده اند. همچون: error, bias, fallacy, ... در حالی که هر یک از این ها معنای علمی خاصی دارند. یا systematic errors را در همان صفحه ی اول "خطاهای اساسی" ترجمه کرده اند که چیز دیگری است. اشتباهات ترجمه یی و نگارشی و ویرایشی چنان زیاد است که قابل شمارش نیست. جدا باعث تاسف است که ناشری معروف چنین ترجمه ی ناقصی را بیشتر به قصد سودجویی چاپ می کند و عده ی زیادی هم به خاطر اسم روی جلد کتاب آن را می خرند. . امتیاز من به کتاب 3 به ترجمه 1 و جمعا 2

  7. 4 out of 5

    SeyedMahdi Hosseini

    1- تقریبا میتوانم بگویم با خلاصهی مطالب کتابهای دنیل کانمن، نسیم طالب، وارن بافت، ریچارد تالر، دن اریلی همراه با ذکر چند مثال مختلف با قلم روان و ترجمهای مناسب، مواجه خواهید بود. (البته تعدادی از این نویسندگان از «دوبلی» به دلیل سرقت ادبی شکایت کردهاند.) 2- کتاب حاوی بسیاری از خطاهای شناختی است که برای کاهش این خطاها ارزش مطالعه چندینباره را دارد. اینکه چه تصمیماتی اشتباه است، چرا نباید چنین تصمیماتی را اتخاذ کنیم و چگونه درست عمل کنیم. 3- از آنجایی که معتقدم خلاصهها همیشه ناقص هستند و برای جاافت 1- تقریبا می‌توانم بگویم با خلاصه‌ی مطالب کتابهای دنیل کانمن، نسیم طالب، وارن بافت، ریچارد تالر، دن اریلی همراه با ذکر چند مثال مختلف با قلم روان و ترجمه‌ای مناسب، مواجه خواهید بود. (البته تعدادی از این نویسندگان از «دوبلی» به دلیل سرقت ادبی شکایت کرده‌اند.) 2- کتاب حاوی بسیاری از خطاهای شناختی است که برای کاهش این خطاها ارزش مطالعه چندین‌باره را دارد. اینکه چه تصمیماتی اشتباه است، چرا نباید چنین تصمیماتی را اتخاذ کنیم و چگونه درست عمل کنیم. 3- از آنجایی که معتقدم خلاصه‌ها همیشه ناقص هستند و برای جاافتادن کامل مطلب در ذهن انسان و عدم فراموشی لازم است مطالعه‌ی کند و مفصل صورت بگیرد، بهترین استفاده از کتاب هنگامی خواهد بود که در ابتدا اصل منابع را مطالعه کنید و سپس برای یادآوری و مرور سریع کتابهای قبلی، به این کتاب رجوع کنید گرچه مطالعه‌ی این کتاب به تنهایی نیز بسیار سودمند خواهد بود. (پس از مطالعه کتاب تفکر سریع و کند دنیل کانمن، خیلی دوست داشتم یک بار دیگر آن را مرور کنم که با «هنر شفاف اندیشیدن» تقریبا این اتفاق عملی شد.) 4- این کتاب را نباید همانند رمان در سه روز مطالعه کنید. باید انتهای هر فصل (هر فصل 3 صفحه است)، توقف و برای مدتی به آن فکر کنید. (انگار که دارید تمرین مسئله‌ای را حل می‌کنید.) پیشنهاد من مطالعه‌ی روزی 3 فصل است. 5- از آنجایی که مطالعه دقیق «هنر شفاف اندیشیدن» تأثیر زیادی در زندگی انسان دارد، به نظرم هدیه‌ی خوبی می‌تواند باشد برای افرادی که دوستشان دارید. 6- درنهایت این موضوع که قاعدتا یکی از دلایل فروش بالای این کتاب در ایران، نام و امضای «عادل فردوسی‌پور» به عنوان مترجم، نشان‌دهنده آن است که اگر افراد معروف دست به ترجمه کتابهای خوب بزنند چقدر می‌توانند در جامعه موثر واقع شوند. https://goo.gl/sXhMJH

  8. 4 out of 5

    Ben Babcock

    This book is the dead tree equivalent of a BuzzFeed post. Its title could be “I Got 99 Cognitive Biases But a Psychology Degree Ain’t One.” Or maybe not. Rolf Dobelli enumerates 99 thinking errors, or cognitive biases, in The Art of Thinking Clearly, dispensing as he does tips for leading a more rational, less error-prone life. Anyone who has done even the least amount of reading in this subject will recognize many of the cognitive biases that Dobelli describes here. Unlike most popular cognitive This book is the dead tree equivalent of a BuzzFeed post. Its title could be “I Got 99 Cognitive Biases But a Psychology Degree Ain’t One.” Or maybe not. Rolf Dobelli enumerates 99 thinking errors, or cognitive biases, in The Art of Thinking Clearly, dispensing as he does tips for leading a more rational, less error-prone life. Anyone who has done even the least amount of reading in this subject will recognize many of the cognitive biases that Dobelli describes here. Unlike most popular cognitive psychology books, however, this book makes no central argument and does not examine these biases within a larger context. It is literally just a list, with extended descriptions, of the biases. At times, Dobelli occasionally ascribes the bias to some evolutionary origins, and he will quite often cite some interesting experiments conducted by psychologists (he is not, by the way) that revealed or provided insight into the bias in question. In his introduction Dobelli explains that the book began life as a personal list kept for his own benefit, and I can believe that. Dobelli covers 99 biases in 300 pages, so he can’t spend much time on each bias. Not every bias is as interesting or worthwhile as the next. But from the very beginning, I was frustrated by the brevity of each chapter. Just as I read something that intrigued me, Dobelli shepherded me on to the next bias like some kind of frantic tour guide worried that we won’t have time to see all of the art. Please stay with the tour, no cameras. I wanted to be mollified by dazzling prose, but I had to settle for somewhat dull attempts at wit. I wanted to be satisfied with lucid, if too concise, explanations of these biases, but I had to settle for somewhat tepid attempts to demonstrate these biases without getting drawn into the bigger discussions of the cognitive and behavioural science that underlies them. Dobelli ties his own hands here, to poor effect. To be fair, it is clear that Dobelli is well-read in this field. He has done his research (even if the “note on sources” section frustratingly places the sources under headings by the bias name but not the chapter number, and there is nary an endnote to be seen). It’s clear, judging from the number of times he quotes from or references Thinking, Fast and Slow, that he has been heavily influenced by the work of Daniel Kahneman. In fact, one could say that The Art of Thinking Clearly is little more than attempt to distil the biases and only the biases mentioned in Thinking, Fast and Slow and similar such books. The thing about blog posts like this is that they seldom linger in one’s short- or long-term memories. They are space-filling exercises, attempts to get eyeballs to the page and clicks on ads. It doesn’t work well in book form; I don’t, as a general rule, enjoy books of lists all that much. There are some exceptions for lists compiled and enumerated in a hilarious manner, but that isn’t the case here. Yet with the cognitive biases removed from a larger context and reduced merely to a checklist of errors to avoid, Dobelli robs them of their greater meaning. So if you’re truly interested in this subject matter, why not just skip The Art of Thinking Clearly and go read Thinking, Fast and Slow? I have. It’s much better than this book and much more informative, and it’s written by an actual psychologist. This book, like the BuzzFeed post it resembles, is a pale imitation of something more meaningful and accomplished. Imitation flowers have their place, but life is too short to waste it on imitation books.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Yasmin

    تا حد خيلي زيادي به نوشته هاي كتاب حق ميدم. درسته، ما، همه مون اين خطاها رو داريم. بعيده كه ريشه ي اونها به ساختار تكامل و مغزمون مربوط نشه. اما من فكر مي كنم تك تك فصول دو صفحه اي اين كتاب مي تونن خودشون پروژه ي تحقيقاتي عظيمي باشن. هر كدوم از اين خطاها جا داره كه سالها روشون آزمايش بشه، مدلسازي بشن و از ديد و با مشاركت علوم متفاوت و جامعه هاي آماري بزرگ و متفاوت بررسي بشن. خوندنش جالب بود. فكر من رو به كار انداخت كه تجديد نظري توي كارها و افكارم بكنم. اما دچار وسواس وحشتناكي شدم. هر قدمي كه بر تا حد خيلي زيادي به نوشته هاي كتاب حق ميدم. درسته، ما، همه مون اين خطاها رو داريم. بعيده كه ريشه ي اونها به ساختار تكامل و مغزمون مربوط نشه. اما من فكر مي كنم تك تك فصول دو صفحه اي اين كتاب مي تونن خودشون پروژه ي تحقيقاتي عظيمي باشن. هر كدوم از اين خطاها جا داره كه سالها روشون آزمايش بشه، مدلسازي بشن و از ديد و با مشاركت علوم متفاوت و جامعه هاي آماري بزرگ و متفاوت بررسي بشن. خوندنش جالب بود. فكر من رو به كار انداخت كه تجديد نظري توي كارها و افكارم بكنم. اما دچار وسواس وحشتناكي شدم. هر قدمي كه برمي دارم، از خودم ميپرسم واقعا شفاف و درست عمل كردم؟ واقعا خوب بوده اين حركت؟

  10. 4 out of 5

    Mohammad

    مجموعه ای از 99 حکایت مستقل از هم که هر یک خطایی رایج در نگرش روزمره و حرفه ای ما را نشانه می رود نویسنده، فارغ التحصیل اقتصاد و رمان نویسی است که سخنرانی های مختلفی درباره موفقیت داشته است؛ بخصوص برای مدیران و تجار مالی. همین به اندازه کافی من را مجاب کرده بود که کتاب را نخوانم! اما خوشبختانه به پیشنهاد یکی از دوستان فاضل و به بهانه فلسفه برای کودکان بخش عمده آن را خواندم برخلاف تصورم بیشتر مفاهیم برایم بسیار جالب بود... بخصوص مثالهایی که برای زمینه مند کردن آن مفاهیم بکار میبرد بسیار خوب بود در غ مجموعه ای از 99 حکایت مستقل از هم که هر یک خطایی رایج در نگرش روزمره و حرفه ای ما را نشانه می رود نویسنده، فارغ التحصیل اقتصاد و رمان نویسی است که سخنرانی های مختلفی درباره موفقیت داشته است؛ بخصوص برای مدیران و تجار مالی. همین به اندازه کافی من را مجاب کرده بود که کتاب را نخوانم! اما خوشبختانه به پیشنهاد یکی از دوستان فاضل و به بهانه فلسفه برای کودکان بخش عمده آن را خواندم برخلاف تصورم بیشتر مفاهیم برایم بسیار جالب بود... بخصوص مثالهایی که برای زمینه مند کردن آن مفاهیم بکار میبرد بسیار خوب بود در غالب موارد مثالها با تحقیقات روان شناسانی همراه بود که در زمینه روانشناسی اجتماعی مطالعات جالبی به انجام رسانده بودند در کل کتاب 4 دسته حکایت داشت: آنهایی که مفهوم و مثالشان خوب بود؛ آنهایی که مفهوم و مثالشان بد بود (که انصافا کم بودند) و آنهایی که مثال یا مفهومشان خوب بود و آن یکی بد احتمالا در آینده بجز دسته دوم، برای ما بقی مثالهایی از کتاب را ذکر خواهم کرد پیشنهاد برای معلمان فبک: ر کتاب به ویژه بخاطر مترجم مطرحش (عادل فردوسی پور) برای بچه های هفتم به بالا مرجع بسیار مناسبی است روش تدریس میتواند از خواندن یک حکایت، به بیان موارد مشابه توسط بچه ها و از آن به پرداخت جمعیِ یک مفهوم یا نقد نگاه مولف هدایت شده و حتی برای تکلیف، به نحوی آزمایشی برای تایید یا رد نظریه هر حکایت درنظر گرفته شود

  11. 4 out of 5

    M.rmt

    به درد افرادی میخورد که عمیق ترین کتابی که خوندن "راز" ه. حرف جدیدی نداشت بگم وای چقدر وقت گذاشتنش بهم اضافه کرد!!!

  12. 5 out of 5

    Hossein

    اون قدر که با این کتاب خندیدم با کتابهای طنز نخندیده بودم موقعیتهایی که ترسیم میکند از حماقت آدمیزاد واقعا بدیع و ظریف است خوب بود میتواند مورد مراجعهی دورهای باشد به نظرم مرور لازم دارد هندبوک طور است اون قدر که با این کتاب خندیدم با کتاب‌های طنز نخندیده بودم موقعیت‌هایی که ترسیم می‌کند از حماقت آدمیزاد واقعا بدیع و ظریف است خوب بود می‌تواند مورد مراجعه‌ی دوره‌ای باشد به نظرم مرور لازم دارد هندبوک طور است

  13. 5 out of 5

    Raha

    کتابی شامل99خطا که با ذکر مثال ها وجود این نوع خطاها رو در زندگیمون به ما ثابت میکرد.اوایل کتاب بیشتر جذاب بودن چون خیلی از خطاهاش برام ملموس تر بودن.مثلِ خطای تأیید اجتماعی که مسلماً درگیرش هستیم و هرچقدر افراد زیادی کاری، رفتاری و یا تفکر بخصوصی رو داشته باشن ما هم به ناگزیر سمتش میریم که علتش همین خطای تأیید احتماعی هست. زمانیکه هی به انجام دادن کاری اصرار میکنیم درحالیکه میدونیم اشتباه هست و داریم به خودمون ضرر میرسونیم فقط و فقط بخاطرِ اینکه نمیتونیم قبول کنیم که با شروع این کارِ اشتباه، زما کتابی شامل99خطا که با ذکر مثال ها وجود این نوع خطاها رو در زندگیمون به ما ثابت میکرد.اوایل کتاب بیشتر جذاب بودن چون خیلی از خطاهاش برام ملموس تر بودن.مثلِ خطای تأیید اجتماعی که مسلماً درگیرش هستیم و هرچقدر افراد زیادی کاری، رفتاری و یا تفکر بخصوصی رو داشته باشن ما هم به ناگزیر سمتش میریم که علتش همین خطای تأیید احتماعی هست. زمانیکه هی به انجام دادن کاری اصرار میکنیم درحالیکه میدونیم اشتباه هست و داریم به خودمون ضرر میرسونیم فقط و فقط بخاطرِ اینکه نمیتونیم قبول کنیم که با شروع این کارِ اشتباه، زمان رو از دست دادیم؛ این نوع رفتارِ ما بخاطر "خطای هزینه هدر رفته"هست. گاهاً خیلی خوش بینانه رفتار میکنیم و هی به خودمون میگیم "همه چیز درست خواهد شد!"غافل از اینکه باید این رو هم در نظر داشته باشیم"قبل از اینکه اوضاع بهتر شود، بدتر هم ممکن است بشود" امّا به نظرم مهم ترین خطا"توهم کنترل"هست.با اینکه ما هیچ اراده ای روی چیزی نداریم حداقلش اگرم داشته باشیم خیلی کم اراده داریم ولی عین افرادی خودشیفته رفتار میکنیم و فکر میکنیم همه چیز تحت اختیارماست.این نوع خطا رو هر روز شاید در زندگی از طرفِ اطرافیانمون مشاهده میکنیم. سندرمی هست به نام "اختراع نشده"در این سندرم شما دچار خودشیفتگی هستید و فکر میکنید هر چیز جدیدی که شما درست میکنید بهترین هست، مثال ساده ای هم رولف دوبلی میزنه(زمانیکه یه مردی یه سس جدید درست میکنه، وقتی همسرش بهش میگه خیلی بد مزه هست، اون میگه بیا تنوع بدیم و واقعا هم خوشمزه هست!!!!درمقابل هفته بعد زن دقیقا همون سس رو درست میکنه ولی به شوهرش میگه یه سس دیگه هست، مرد به حدی از طعم اون سس ناراضی میشه که عصبی میشه و خب زنش هم واقعیت رو میگه:)!) و خطاهای ِ بیشمار دیگه ای که بعضی هاشون برام غیر قابل درک بودن و بعضاً هم خیلی خیلی قابل درک و بنظرم مشکلات عمده ما ایرانیان قشنگ تو این کتاب آورده شده!! رولف هیچ راهکاری نمیده که چطور این خطاهارو برطرف کنیم بیشتر سعی میکنه بگه چنین خطاهایی وجود خارجی داره!در داستان یه خطا هم مربوط به 1984جورج اورول بود و بقول ایشون"بعضی ها کم خطا هستن ولی بعضی دیگر کم خطا تر" خوندن چنین کتابی به همه کمک میکنه درجهتِ بهتر فکر کردن و واقف بودن به اون چیزی که حقیقتاً هستیم.

  14. 4 out of 5

    Iman Shabani

    If you're looking for a book to help you get ahead, or improve you as a human being, don't look here; but if like me, you want to see how a book of such reputation with no scientific ground, or even much common sense, can be so popular among some people, get this book and start reading. (I tried not to include any spoilers, so read with peace of mind if you have it in your to-read list.) The fact that this is a terrible book became known to me very early in the book, however I decided to keep read If you're looking for a book to help you get ahead, or improve you as a human being, don't look here; but if like me, you want to see how a book of such reputation with no scientific ground, or even much common sense, can be so popular among some people, get this book and start reading. (I tried not to include any spoilers, so read with peace of mind if you have it in your to-read list.) The fact that this is a terrible book became known to me very early in the book, however I decided to keep reading and finish the book, mainly for this reason, plus interest in some of the short stories in there. One thing that this book had for me, was a short list of some useful books to get to once I'm done with this one. There's tons wrong with this book, and I don't want you to have to read 5 pages here, so let's just get to a few major reasons and move on: 1. My main issue is the writer himself, read a few of the pages, and you soon come to understand that Rolf Dobelli doesn't know what he's talking about at all. He doesn't have any new knowledge to offer, and he doesn't even offer a better way to understand already known knowledge, regardless of how much he tries. 2. Cynicism is present all over the book, while that might be nice for a pessimist, it definitely isn't for an optimist like me, not even for non-pessimists all over the world. I could understand this if that cynicism was at the very least standing on some facts, but even that is not the case. 3. Plagiarism, if you looked at other reviews, you already know this one. Fortunately I've checked out "Thinking, Fast and Slow" by Daniel Kahneman a long time ago, and could see a lot of the places where Rolf Dobelli used Daniel's examples and researches throughout the book, without even slightest pointer to him, or his best-selling book, that's a big NO in my book. This reason is enough for me to blacklist the writer for life. (Not to mention the long list of stealing that he did from Nassim Taleb, just google it to see what I'm talking about) 4. Lots of the data in the book is incorrect, and gladly we have math and science to back us up on this. My biggest question at these points was, "How this guy can be an investor, and work with money, if he doesn't even understand simplest statistics, and how someone must use math?" 5. And probably the most clear one to every reader, the writer is a hypocrite. He uses at least half a dozen of methods that he explicitly "orders" you (yes, "order", not "suggest" or "recommend") not to use ever. While this is clear at some points in the book, unfortunately some people find a way to overlook it. --- I could refer to 40 or 45 pages specifically and show you the problems I had with this book in details, but then no one would read this review, and so this couldn't help anyone avoid it, or be clear enough before reading it, so I decided to just point to a few generic and major issues, and not talk too specifically here. Why I didn't rate the book 1 star then? Well, the book has a list of errors, 99 to be exact, and while I don't agree with about half of them, the list can still be useful for you, maybe you can't get the required information for each error in this mostly stolen book, but it gives you a starting point to follow from other books, like Daniel Kahneman's book, and start using those points in your life. Just make sure you apply that final step before changing anything in your life based on this book. The book also had a couple of interesting short stories and pointers that I could use as clues and find more about later on. I wrote all of them on a small piece of paper and will get to at some point. I guess you have 2 options if you're interested in this book, first of all, you could read the full book, but close off your mind and make sure you don't treat this pile of information as correct until you spent quite some time filtering it; and secondly, you could just look at the list of topics at the beginning of the book and see which ones you can agree with at that very moment, and then jump to the end of the book and check the resources, and start reading the resources instead of the book itself to get to those interesting topics; after all, the writer didn't have anything useful to add here. I personally don't see the time I put to read this book as wasted, in fact I see it as investment into better filter wrong info in my journey, and also to understand better, the people that base their life on such books, as I believe I can do that a little bit better than before I started reading this. Thank you for spending time reading my review, will see you on the next book. :) {برای دوستان فارسی زبان، متاسفانه علاوه بر مشکلات نویسنده، تیم ترجمه نتونسته کار خوبی ارائه بده، و با اینکه به شخصه عادل برام محترمه، از کار ترجمش اینجا اصلا راضی نبودم. کافیه فقط 2 بخش رو با نسخه ی انگلیسی بخونین تا متوجه بشین که توی هر بخش چنتا از جملات کاملا غلط ترجمه . شده، و مهمتر از اون، توی هر بخش 1 یا 2 جمله که هیچ مشکلی ایجاد نمی کنن کلا حذف شدن. سانسور بی دلیل.}

  15. 5 out of 5

    amirMasoud Hadidi

    خیلی کتاب بی هویتی بود ، و بی نتیجه ... تا نصف بیشتر تمومش نکردم ....

  16. 5 out of 5

    Pooja Kashyap

    I bought this book just because I saw Taleb eulogizing the book right on the book cover and so I fell for it. If you have read The Black Swan, The Impact of the Highly Improbable by Nassim Nicholas Taleb then I would strongly re-commend do NOT go for the book but if you haven’t dipped into the ocean of Taleb’s thoughts then this book is for you. More or less, The Art of Thinking Clearly harps on the same line of thoughts, as is the case with Black Swan. Each chapter in the former case is like bu I bought this book just because I saw Taleb eulogizing the book right on the book cover and so I fell for it. If you have read The Black Swan, The Impact of the Highly Improbable by Nassim Nicholas Taleb then I would strongly re-commend do NOT go for the book but if you haven’t dipped into the ocean of Taleb’s thoughts then this book is for you. More or less, The Art of Thinking Clearly harps on the same line of thoughts, as is the case with Black Swan. Each chapter in the former case is like bullet points of latter’s approach. Both talks about reverse engineering of thought process, counter-intuitiveness and randomness. The book is a database of brief explanations of occurrences. It is quite a light read but I personally don’t think it can help anybody with decision making. The book surfaces things that are already present in everybody’s mind and some of them even have recognized them without reading the book even but had it actually helped anyone in decision-making, I am still doubtful. In one of his chapters, he talks about the inability of humans to comprehend probabilities well, I completely differ with this opinion of his. People do take probabilities into consideration, I mean, there are major chunk of individuals who see life as grey and not only black or only white. For these many people, there is always a space called the benefit of doubt and they leave it open while dealing with people around them whether in office or in life as a whole. I am a person with an average intelligence yet I feel this book is far from satiating my intellectual appetite. I love books that make me think even when am not reading but this international best seller is not for me.

  17. 5 out of 5

    Mehrzad M.

    پاپ از میکل آنژ پرسید: راز نبوغت را به من بگو. چطور مجسمه ی داوود، شاهکار تمام شاهکارها را ساختی؟ جواب میکل آنژ این بود: ساده است. هر چیزی را که داوود نبود تراشیدم . تمام سعی کتاب، نشان دادن نقاط تراشیدنی برای مردم عادی ست. از این رو لذت مطالعه ی کتاب ، چقدر که مقاطعی حوصله سر بر داشته ، اجتناب ناپذیر بوده . //

  18. 4 out of 5

    Foad Ansari

    عالی بود همه ی خطاهای شناختی مغز با مثالهای جالب را در کی کتاب جمع کرده بود

  19. 4 out of 5

    Blue

    FYI: I won this book from goodreads Giveaways, but that in no way influenced my review. The Art of Thinking Clearly presents a bunch of anecdotal evidence to support commonly known fallacies in logical thinking. You know that hindsight is 20/20, we cling to our narratives, and think we'll be like the models in makeup ads if only we buy their product, plus a bunch of other semi-obvious ways in which we end up making bad decisions (or poorly rationalized flukes that still turn out okay). This book FYI: I won this book from goodreads Giveaways, but that in no way influenced my review. The Art of Thinking Clearly presents a bunch of anecdotal evidence to support commonly known fallacies in logical thinking. You know that hindsight is 20/20, we cling to our narratives, and think we'll be like the models in makeup ads if only we buy their product, plus a bunch of other semi-obvious ways in which we end up making bad decisions (or poorly rationalized flukes that still turn out okay). This book *might* be the reminder you need to think critically about what assumptions and misconceptions you are basing your decisions on. However, if you're already a critical thinker you probably won't learn too much from this book. Also, it doesn't really seem academically researched enough to be otherwise worthwhile. If it was more humorous it would at least make the obviousness more palatable. To its benefit, you will almost definitely find at least one logical fallacy within that applies more to you personally (the, "Oh, I didn't realize it, but I definitely do that!" moment), and I suppose there's a chance that it may make a huge difference in your life. Also, it's a pretty quick read, with separate 'chapters' (a page or two) for each fallacy. So readers who prefer informational shorts over long form compositions will appreciate the format.

  20. 4 out of 5

    Mobina J

    کتاب خیلی کلی ای بود ؛ ولی به نظرم دید خیلی خوبی به آدم میده .فکر میکنم هر فصل کتاب خیلی جای بحث داره به طور جداگانه و به خاطر همین به نظرم کلی بود والبته تقریبا کافی و به همراه مثال های خیلی خوب. "اگر پنجاه میلیون نفر چیز احمقانه ای بگویند، آن چیز کماکان احمقانه است "

  21. 4 out of 5

    Daniela

    It's a PLAGIARIZED anthology of cognitive errors. The biases it presents are, mostly, well summarized from a series of books from Taleb, Ariely, Kahneman and others(which, as shown by Taleb in the link, Dobelli used without permission). The author made no research on any of the items, but merely put forward the work of others. He does say so in the beginning, that his book comprises of research from other people, but it doesn't absolve him of copying. Other than that, I consider it a good mix of It's a PLAGIARIZED anthology of cognitive errors. The biases it presents are, mostly, well summarized from a series of books from Taleb, Ariely, Kahneman and others(which, as shown by Taleb in the link, Dobelli used without permission). The author made no research on any of the items, but merely put forward the work of others. He does say so in the beginning, that his book comprises of research from other people, but it doesn't absolve him of copying. Other than that, I consider it a good mix of thinking errors. As long as no praise is given to the author, who should probably lock himself in his great mansion before the great thinkers put his head on a stake. I can also say that the writing lacks true skill and this can be seen in some chapters, where the point is very vague, often contradicting in ideas and lacking meaning throughout paragraphs. That's probably the part he didn't fully understand. It is easy to read though, the chapters are 3 pages each and for this reason solely I can recommend the book for those who are not willing to spend their valuable time reading thousands of pages from the original works, but are still interested in the ways we don't think rationally.

  22. 4 out of 5

    Niloofar

    برای من خوب بود، یادآوری و اشاره به نکاتی بود که احتمالا خودمم میدونستم و قبولش داشتم، اما یا فراموش کرده بودم یا اهمیت و تاثیرش رو جدی نگرفته بودم. شاید بشه گفت بیشتر یادآوری بود تا آموزش! کلا کتاب سعی داشت بگه ازین روند غلطی که بهش عادت کردیم فاصله بگیریم و روش فکر و رفتار و به طور کل زندگی رو اصلاح کنیم. اما خب همونطور که خود نویسنده هم توی یکی از نکات اشاره کرده بود عملی کردن دانسته ها توی زندگی کار ساده ای نیست. خصوصا که عادت هم باهاش قاطی شده باشه. برخلاف خیلی از دوستان که به اعتبار و اسم فرد برای من خوب بود، یادآوری و اشاره به نکاتی بود که احتمالا خودمم میدونستم و قبولش داشتم، اما یا فراموش کرده بودم یا اهمیت و تاثیرش رو جدی نگرفته بودم. شاید بشه گفت بیشتر یادآوری بود تا آموزش! کلا کتاب سعی داشت بگه ازین روند غلطی که بهش عادت کردیم فاصله بگیریم و روش فکر و رفتار و به طور کل زندگی رو اصلاح کنیم. اما خب همونطور که خود نویسنده هم توی یکی از نکات اشاره کرده بود عملی کردن دانسته ها توی زندگی کار ساده ای نیست. خصوصا که عادت هم باهاش قاطی شده باشه. برخلاف خیلی از دوستان که به اعتبار و اسم فردوسی پور که مترجمشه کتابو خریدن، برای من وسوسه کننده نبود! دو سال پیش دوستی به من پیشنهادش کرد اما من خوندن کتابهای ادبی رو ترجیح میدادم، تا اینکه امسال بالاخره خوندمش و از خوندنش هم راضیم. کاش همون دوسال پیش میخوندمش. متنش خیلی روونه و کلا کتاب سبکیه خیلی زود پیش میره. چون موردی هم هست، میشه زمین گذاشتش و دوباره شروع کردش. من مواردی رو برای خودم، چه برای شغل و حرفه و چه کارای روزمره و عادی، علامت زدم. فکر کنم بعدها دوباره برگردم و مواردی رو مرور کنم!

  23. 5 out of 5

    Zhiyar Qadri

    Absolutely In love with this books, I fulfils its title. A good way of reading it would be highlighting the clearest example in each fallacy in addition to the conclusion. I would say at the end sit down with a pen and paper and try to apply each to your life to consolidate the learning, make a list of all and in important decisions make sure they are error free. A passage from the epilogue "Even highly intelligent people fall to the same cognitive traps. Likewise, errors are not randomly distri Absolutely In love with this books, I fulfils its title. A good way of reading it would be highlighting the clearest example in each fallacy in addition to the conclusion. I would say at the end sit down with a pen and paper and try to apply each to your life to consolidate the learning, make a list of all and in important decisions make sure they are error free. A passage from the epilogue "Even highly intelligent people fall to the same cognitive traps. Likewise, errors are not randomly distributed. We systematically err in the same direction. That makes our mistakes predictable, and thus fixable to a degree— but only to a degree, never completely"

  24. 5 out of 5

    Mohammad

    باید اعتراف کنم که در مورد این کتاب دچار خطای تبلغات شدم! شاید اگر مترجمش عادل فردوسی پور نبود، سمتش نمی رفتم. این باعث شد انتظارات بالایی از این کتاب داشته باشم و لذت کافی نبرم این کتاب به 99 مورد خطای شناختی انسان اشاره میکنه که از بین موارد مطرح شده شاید ده تا برام خیلی جالب بود . بعضی از مواردی که در کتاب عنوان شده رو قبول نداشتم

  25. 5 out of 5

    Elham

    قبل از اينكه شروع به خوندنش كنم منتظر مواجهه با يك اثر علمى تَر و تخصصى تَر بودم. ولى كتاب اونقدرها هم علمى و تخصصى نيست و بيشتر از همه بر پايه تجارب اقتصادى و مربوط به تجارت و بازار كار قرار داره. در مجموع خوندنش با يك ديد انتقادى بد نيست.

  26. 4 out of 5

    د.أمجد الجنباز

    ختام القراءة في ٢٠١٥ كان مسكا مع هذا الكتاب يتحدث عن المغالطات المنطقية التي نقع فيها وتعيقنا عن التفكير السليم. يحوي الكتاب ١٠٠ مغالطة منطقية تم شرحها بشكل سلسل وجميل مع دعمها بأبحاث علمية كتاب قمة في الروعة في هذا المجال

  27. 4 out of 5

    Ali Sattari

    Good wrap-up on cognitive errors and shortcuts.

  28. 5 out of 5

    Sonya

    اين كتاب سيصد صفحه اي كه توسط "رولف دوبلي" نويسنده و كارآفرين سويسي نگاشته شده در واقع از ٩٩ متن كوتاه در مورد خطاهاي فكري و شناختي و تاثير محيط و تبليغات بر افكار انسان تشكيل شده است. هر يك از اين متن ها با مثال هايي ملموس در آغاز نوشته شروع شده و در ادامه به توضيح مطلب پرداخته است. در اين اثر ميزان محدوديت اراده و خواست انسان، اثر پاداش ها و تنبيه هاي محيطي، طيف عظيم تبليغات جهاني و تاثير آن بر برداشت ها و افكار انسان در زندگي شخصي و اجتماعي به زبان ساده توصيف شدهاست. نكته ي قابل توجه ديگر در اين اين كتاب سيصد صفحه اي كه توسط "رولف دوبلي" نويسنده و كارآفرين سويسي نگاشته شده در واقع از ٩٩ متن كوتاه در مورد خطاهاي فكري و شناختي و تاثير محيط و تبليغات بر افكار انسان تشكيل شده است. هر يك از اين متن ها با مثال هايي ملموس در آغاز نوشته شروع شده و در ادامه به توضيح مطلب پرداخته است. در اين اثر ميزان محدوديت اراده و خواست انسان، اثر پاداش ها و تنبيه هاي محيطي، طيف عظيم تبليغات جهاني و تاثير آن بر برداشت ها و افكار انسان در زندگي شخصي و اجتماعي به زبان ساده توصيف شدهاست. نكته ي قابل توجه ديگر در اين كتاب اين است كه در مورد اكثر اين ٩٩ مورد به تحقيقات روانشناسي و جامعه شناسي معتبري ارجاع داده شده است كه خواندن بسياري از آنها بديهيات ذهني انسان را تغيير مي دهد. . . . قسمتي از كتاب: مي توان با اطمينان تصور كرد نيمي از چيزهايي كه به خاطر داري اشتباه اند. خاطرات مابا بي دقتي هاي بسياري، از جمله خاطرات روشن كه بي خطا به نظر مي رسد آلوده شده اند، اعتماد كردن ما به آن هم مي تواند بي ضرر باشد و هم كشنده. خاطرات روشن محصول بازسازي ذهني اند و مي توانند كاملا خطا باشند. . . پ ن: اسم آقاي عادل فردوسي پور به عنوان مترجم در عنوان اين كتاب در رسيدن آن به چاپ چهل و ششم قطعا موثر است. . پ ن: اميدوارم همه ي افرادي كه اين كتاب را با انگيزه هاي مختلف تهيه كرده اند آن را با تامل مطالعه كنند. اين اثر ارزش چند بار خواندن دارد.

  29. 4 out of 5

    Andrew Wright

    Enjoyed somewhat, but ultimately couldn't finish. What otherwise is an entertaining collection of findings from social psychology and other thinking and human behavior focused disciplines is ruined by the author's strange compulsion to "explain" the biases he identifies with random and entirely unconvincing musings about evolutionary origins. It's not enough to explain that we overweight the potential for loss over the potential for gain, which is interesting. Dobelli is compelled to clarify tha Enjoyed somewhat, but ultimately couldn't finish. What otherwise is an entertaining collection of findings from social psychology and other thinking and human behavior focused disciplines is ruined by the author's strange compulsion to "explain" the biases he identifies with random and entirely unconvincing musings about evolutionary origins. It's not enough to explain that we overweight the potential for loss over the potential for gain, which is interesting. Dobelli is compelled to clarify that this observation is explained by an "all the risk-taking people died off, so the cautious remained" hypothesis that's utterly ridiculous. Sure, maybe. Or maybe in times of food/water shortage, only the risk-takers found food to survive. Either way, it's completely speculative and without substance...and those unnecessary inclusions ultimately got on my nerves enough that I couldn't finish the thing.

  30. 5 out of 5

    نوشیار خلیلی

    حرفای خوبی بودن، ولی برای من حداقل هیچکدوم حرف جدیدی نبود. ترجمهاش هم به نظرم بی اشکال نبود. حرفای خوبی بودن، ولی برای من حداقل هیچ‌کدوم حرف جدیدی نبود. ترجمه‌اش هم به نظرم بی اشکال نبود‌.

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